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Page created on 23 Dec 2007
Page last modified on 17 Aug 2011

Summary
Singapore is a city island with a total land area of 682 sq km. It is a tropical island located in South-East Asia, at the southern tip of Peninsula Malaysia, about 137 km north of the equator. It has a population of about 4 million people comprising 77% Chinese, 14% Malays, 8% Indians and 1% Eurasians and people of other descent, most of whom are descendants of migrants originally from Malay Peninsula, China and the Indian sub-continent.
The 4 official languages are Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Tamil and English with most Singaporeans being fluent in English and their mother tongue. Malay is the national language and English, the language of administration.
Singapore has grown since Sir Stamford Raffles founded the island, from a small fishing village to a thriving commercial and business centre. In 2006, it was the busiest port in the world, the world's fourth largest foreign exchange trading centre and a major supplier of electronic components. It is also a major centre for oil refining and a leader in ship-building and repair. Its infrastructure is superb and it is no wonder that it has been rated in 2006 as the most business-friendly economy in the world.

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